Do you have a new pet? Did you adopt a dog? Do you want to learn more about Dog training? It is key that you educate him on fundamental issues to improve his behavior and direct his behavior. That he makes his needs in inadequate places, that anxiety leads him to break objects or that he behaves badly with strangers are problems that can be prevented.
WHEN CAN THE DOG START TRAINING?
Ahead! If you are getting your puppy from a breeder, it is likely that you will have it at home when you are around eight weeks old. At this age, your new dog has already developed around 80% of his adult brain and in the coming weeks, his brain will continue to develop. Your dog is ready to learn and it is important for you that you feel safe and constant from the first day.
A dog has short attention in span and will need several attempts to learn. But once you realize what is expected of them, you have a great opportunity to educate them quickly. And remember that it is easier to educate them now than when they have a few more months, and be bigger, stronger and acquire their own customs.
BUILD YOUR DOG’S CONFIDENCE
At the following criteria, you have to confidence and perseverance give your dog the necessary tranquility so that he can trust you, his father. Using your name often may seem simple, but for them, it is a very important signal.
Another way is to build your confidence is through positive reward and recognition of your good behavior – instead of punishment through physical force. Through the previous one, you can foster a strong bond of trust based on mutual respect and adequate reward.
Dog are fun but they can also be frustrating when they do not always do what you want. Apart from the fact that they do not speak the same language, please bear in mind that they are very young and, therefore, they are very easily distracted. Be patient and constant with your dog. He is still learning and will finally understand what you want him to do.
What is the most excellent time to train a dog?
Generally it is said that after four months is the best age to train them, since they are in an ideal cognitive period; but those of us who move in the world of dog training can ensure that since the dog joins the human family (it is estimated that it is from 60 days of life) you have to start with the first stimuli related to behavior and obedience.
Dogs receive a first impression from their mother since they are born; when we see them play with dog or “fight”, they are really learning to hunt, to impose hierarchy, etc. The second “imprinting” is received when they arrive at our homes, where we show them their place of food, rest, and the places where they should not go and their schedules adapted to the routine of the family.
After completing the vaccination plan and the veterinary discharge to go out, it is a good time to begin the challenge of teaching them tricks and creating a bond, first through the game and then with more precise orders according to what each person looks for. In the case of specific races, for each activity, they are given an adequate dog training plan that will be reinforced throughout their lives.
It is very important that in all dog training, whenever our dog fulfills a goal, or with the order that was given, he will reward it with food, a game or a caress.
Is often the problem of doing their needs in the wrong places of the house, how to correct this behavior?
It’s a very definitely common query. Let’s start by knowing that dogs are routine, they use a ritual that they always repeat. In this sense dogs are like babies: just because for they eat and after a few minutes they defecate, hahaha!
For this reason, once the animal eats, we wait a few minutes and we put the leash and take it out to the street. He will smell the poles, walking through the grass, the path, avoiding obstacles, and will soon find an ideal place to relieve himself.
We must put together what he did responsibly and deposit it in the trash with a bag. When he touches him again, we repeat exactly the same as before, that is, we begin to create a routine, the usual ritual. Let’s not forget to leave for the same side, do the same route and expect it to do its business. The dog will be setting schedules and places and will know how to wait because he knows his time and place will come.
With the dog that still can not go out on the street because of the lack of vaccination, we do the same. Although we can not get them out, we can make them eat and quickly take them, for example, to a yard where we want them to defecate. When he does we enter him, then he will know what his place is, where, how and where he can do his needs. A few days later he will eat and go out alone.
How to teach them not to jump too much to the visits and not to break things in the house?
It is also a common problem, each case must be evaluated by a trainer and he will know if it corresponds to a behavior problem by hierarchy or anxiety. Generally, the destructive behaviors -or of hyperactivity- such as jumping to people, breaking things or not stopping to run are due to the accumulation of anxiety due to lack of activity.
Remember that dogs need their moment of play and walk, if we leave them for long periods in our house; it is inevitable that we arrive and want to show us, by jumping, that they want to spend that accumulated energy. If we create a game routine and daily walk for a few minutes, they will know that their time will come and they will not destroy anything or be nervous when they arrive.
In the specific cases of approaching visitors when we open the door you can use some tricks.
- You should not tie them in the background when people arrive and ring the bell, because it will generate even more anxiety and relate the sound of the bell with the punishment. That can generate unwanted behaviors that can be even aggressive.
- We go with them to the door. The dog with its leash, and we correct any gesture or unwanted movement. We participate in the meeting.
- Dogs want to know who comes in, smell it to recognize it and be part of it; if we deny it we create more anxiety.
To control destructive and anxious behaviors, a tip that often works is the famous “soda siphon”. Be careful not to damage your eyes and try to “drown” him. The process is as follows: the person who is outside carries the siphon in his hand, he rings the bell and when the owner opens the door and the dog tries to jump, this activates a small stream on the dog, this will surprise and retreat. It will help the dog to associate that after the bell and the opening of the door if he throws himself; he will not receive a very good welcome and will find it more convenient to wait at a distance out of reach of that disagreeable stream.
Remember that dogs need their moment of play and walk, if we leave them for long periods in our house; it is inevitable that we arrive and want to show us, by jumping, that they want to spend that accumulated energy.
To teach a trick or behavior that we like does the system of rewards and punishments work?
A dog obeys a certain order or performs a trick through a stimulus. That is, the dog will do what is asked in exchange for something, which is the prize (or reinforcement). Usually, the first few times he is trained with a food reward, which is very positive; later it is interspersed with other prizes such as games and caresses (affective prize). That is to say, food prizes or prize prizes are interspersed with caresses, so that they do not get used to responding only to a food prize. It should be noted that the reinforcements are divided into positive and negative.
For example, in the case of dogs looking for drugs or tickets, the policemen with whom they work carry a cuff. When the dog detects something, it sits until the policeman approaches; this gives him a toy as a reward. Then, the dog relates that when it finds a certain substance or meets a certain objective, they will have a prize.
It is very important that in all dog training, whenever our dog fulfills a goal, or with the order that was given, he will reward it with food, a game or a caress. Thus, the stimulus will be fixed.
With regard to caresses, this represents another type of training, which is more specific: the cognitive-emotional. This type of dog training aims at learning through emotions, whose reward has more to do with the affective.
After completing the vaccination plan and the veterinary discharge to go out, it is a good time to start the challenge of teaching those tricks and creating a bond, first through the game.
To educate you better
- Our room is the territory of the leader of the pack. If you let your dog sleep in your bed, then do not pretend that you do not pee and poop where you want or get up on your velvet chair.
- Your food container is sacred and we should respect it. Never approach him when he is eating, at that moment and in that place there are no hierarchies and you can take a deserved bite; it will not be because of bad character, it will be by the logic of defending what are yours, as well as taking care of you when you defend yourself from third parties.
- Never give your food, it is not an act of love or equality, you are hurting your body. If you really want, give him only his food. You will live more and better.
- Do not treat him or talk to him like a human. It is not, it does not like it and it does not serve it. He likes to be a dog, to treat him as such. He needs responsible love and not our vices.
- Take it periodically to the veterinarian and never meditate on your own.
- Play a lot with him, make him spend energy, create a bond, share activities and enjoy it. Remember that the only bad thing about dogs is that they live very little.
Just remember something about your dog for whole life.
Do not punish your dog!
Punishing your pet is not
an option! And hit your dog, either!
Remember that before punishment, your dog does not understand the reason for your anger and you will only get to be afraid of you! Do not lose patience with your little friend!
Training, better in quiet places!
If you want the training
of your dog to advance, try to be
in a quiet environment. If you are nervous yourself, you
will not get anything!
One option you can try is to train your pet, playing!
Dogs, they are animals!
In addition to this article, I including the important part of about dog training, your dog is not a human being; do not expect it to behave as if it were!
Be a responsible owner
If you want to educate your dog, the first thing you should start with is basic rules of behavior.
Do you have problems to train your pet? Ask your veterinarian for advice! In complicated cases, you can always turn to the services of a canine trainer.
Remember! If your dog feels loved, he will learn much better and faster what you want to teach him!
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